Moles are pests that inhabit all parts of America. There are at least 5 types found in the United States. The Eastern Mole is the most common mole pest in lawns and gardens. Moles have soft fur, a pointed nose or snout and wide, strong, clawed foot; their front feet enable them to quickly move through the soil, tunneling as they search for food.
This may not be breaking information to you however, for those who don’t know moles can dig surface tunnels at roughly 15 to 18 ft an hour and as much as 150-200 feet each day. Moles travel through existing tunnels at about 80 feet per minute.
The most visible damage brought on by moles is the volcano-like mounds of dirt that they push to the surface when constructing their tunnels. Finally, these molehills settle and shape bare spots on your front yard that look like tattoo art. However, what you do not see is usually the most damaging. As time passes, their tunnels can weaken driveways, sidewalks, decks, and patios. Though not noticeable for several years, this type of damage may be costly to repair and it usually Is not covered by home owner’s insurance. Moles will not go away without your help. Moles DO NOT hibernate through the winter season. Once in an excellent feeding ground they almost NEVER leave. Moles cause major security problem for home owners.
If you Google the word insectivores you would come across states ” An insectivore is a carnivore with a diet which consists chiefly of insects and similar small animals”. You could discover that it is not all together true for moles. A 5-ounce mole will absorb 45 to 50 pounds meals each year. Its diet is composed of the insects, grubs, and worms located in your front lawn. Moles have a hearty appetite and can eat from 80% to 100% of their body weight every day. They eat insects, grubs, ants, cicada larvae and earthworms. Various studies have proven that the huge majority of moles diets are earthworms. It was thought that grubs are their main diet however, you will find, that in most regions of the country, that they are just a supplement to the common earthworm. Moles have insatiable high metabolism. This means that they have an insatiable appetite and are always looking out for meals. It’s thought that the reason moles prefer earthworms into grubs is due to the size and the energy value. A mole’s tunnel is an insect trap. As insects, larvae and worms burrow through the ground, they frequently end up in the mole’s tunnel. The mole patrols his tunnels and investigates these creatures that are unfortunate.
Moles are busy year round and find no requirement for hibernation. Moles are antisocial and generally don’t interact within the same tunnel system except for reproduction. Normally breeding occurs in late winter and early spring. The standard number seems to be 3 plus they look like identical triplets to the uninformed. Moles nurse their young, which makes them mammals. The young are weaned 7 to 12 weeks after birth and this is when action can be at its highest. Moles are barely ever affected by the weather, since moles live underground; and rarely come to the surface. Expected life span for a mole is approximate 2-3 years because of its exceptionally high metabolic rate. For each of the work that they perform for you it’d be fine if they were an income tax write-off.
One way of getting rid of moles will be to remove their source of food or Wildlife Experts. For those who have a mole problem in your yard you probably have a whole lot of grubs and worms. Eliminating lawn grubs will force moles to seek their food elsewhere. Reducing the amount of watering your lawn receives will create a less inviting environment for worms and grubs. A mole barrier can help keep moles out of your lawn. Aluminum sheeting can be buried between two and three feet deep to maintain moles from tunneling and a raised area of at least 6″ will continue to keep the moles from climbing over the barrier. This is just one way of pest management, and there are several more.
Nuisance Concerns: The key issue with moles are the tunnels. They can leave ridged tunnels throughout a lawn. They are not necessarily harmful, but can destroy your fine landscaping or your front yard.